The Rough Collie Standard
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Breed Description of Collie
The Collie is a household and family dog how to ask for it. He may be among the most loyal and intelligent dogs. It embodies beauty and elegance. Through its child friendliness and loyalty to the family he always stands as a companion and guardian. However, it provides for the claim to be an integrated member of the family. This and his fair treatment, except enough exercise, the greatest demand, which it places on its owner.
The Collie is a Scottish Sheepdog. He was careful, once independent, the flocks of sheep in the highlands of Scotland. His breed selection focused on prudence, efficiency and frugality. Moreover, he could not be a hectic and poachers. These positive characteristics and its imposing appearance already were holding the turn of the century in the manor houses of England catchment to Collie. He soon became one of the most popular companion dogs around the world. Likewise, the Collie was formerly strengthened because of its good properties as reporting, medical and rescue dog used. Dog in appearance and behavior - through the television series Lassie own picture of longhair Collies, marked by the film was made. Thus it is not surprising that today longhair Collies vary in size, coat conditioning and expression of this American TV Collie and some coated in film intelligence probably should not be expected in full.
Care: Contrary to many expectations Collie is no more care dog. It is enough if you vigorously brushed him every 14 days and shall ensure that it does not mate, which he sometimes behind the ears and on the legs, tends. The joy of the brush under then fragrant hair tempt the owners more likely to brush the dog too often. Therefore, you see many combed Collies with shiny finishing hair. But an essential ingredient for protection against cold and moisture is the dense, furry undercoat, which should not be combed.
General Appearance: Appears as dog of great beauty, standing with impassive dignity, with no part out of proportion to whole, giving the appearance of working capability.
Characteristics: Physical structure on lines of strength and activity, free from cloddiness and with no trace of coarseness. Expression most important. In considering relative values it is obtained by perfect balance and combination of skull and foreface, size, shape, colour and placement of eyes, correct position and carriage of ears.
Temperament: Friendly disposition with no trace of nervousness or aggressiveness. A great companion dog, friendly, happy and active, good with children and other dogs.
Head and Skull: Head properties of great importance, must be considered in proportion to size of dog. Viewed from front or side, head resembles a well-blunted clean wedge, being smooth in outline. Skull flat. Sides taper gradually and smoothly from ears to end of black nose, without prominent cheek bones or pinched muzzle. Viewed in profile, top of skull and top of muzzle lie in two parallel straight lines of equal length divided by a slight, but perceptible stop or break. A mid-point between inside corner of eyes (which is centre of a correctly placed stop) is centre of balance in length of head. End of smooth, well rounded muzzle blunt, never square. Under jaw strong, clean cut. Depth of skull from brow to underpart of jaw never excessive (deep through). Nose always black.
Eyes: Very important feature giving sweet expression. Medium size (never very small) set somewhat obliquely, of almond-shape and dark brown colour, except in the case of blue merles when eyes are frequently (one or both, or part of one or both) blue or blue-flecked. Expression full of intelligence, with quick, alert look when listening.
Ears: Small, not too close together on top of skull, nor too far apart. In repose carried thrown back, but on alert brought forward and carried semi-erect, that is, with approximately two-thirds of ear standing erect, top third tipping forward naturally, below horizontal.
Mouth: Teeth of good size. Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
Neck: Muscular, powerful, of fair length, well arched.
Forequarters: Shoulders sloping and well angulated. Forelegs straight and muscular, neither in nor out at elbows, with moderate amount of round bone.
Body: Slightly long compared with height, back firm with a slight rise over loins; ribs well sprung, chest deep, fairly broad behind shoulders.
Hindquarters: Hindlegs muscular at thighs, clean and sinewy below, with well bent stifles. Hocks well let down and powerful.
Feet: Oval; soles well padded. Toes arched and close together. Hind feet slightly less arched.
Tail: Long with bone reaching at least to hock joint. Carried low when quiet but with slight upward swirl at tip. May be carried gaily when excited, but never over back.
Gait/Movement: Distinctly characteristic in this breed. A sound dog is never out at the elbow, yet moves with front feet comparatively close together. Plaiting, crossing or rolling are highly undesirable. Hindlegs from hock joint to ground when viewed from rear to be parallel but not too close; when viewed from side, action is smooth. Hindlegs powerful with plenty of drive. A reasonably long stride is desirable and should be light and appear effortless. Absolute soundness essential.
Coat: Fits outline of body, very dense. Outer coat straight and harsh to touch, undercoat soft, furry and very close almost hiding the skin; mane and frill very abundant, mask and face smooth, ears smooth at tips, but carrying more hair towards base, front legs well feathered, hindlegs above hocks profusely feathered, but smooth below hock joint. Hair on tail very profuse.
Colour: Three recognised colours: Sable and white, Tricolour and Blue Merle. Sable: any shade of light gold to rich mahogany or shaded sable. Light straw or cream coloured highly undesirable. Tricolour: predominantly black with rich tan markings about legs and head. A rusty tinge in top coat highly undesirable. Blue Merle: predominantly clear, silvery blue, splashed and marbled with black. Rich tan markings preferred, but absence should not be penalised. Large black markings, slate colour, or rusty tinge either of top or undercoat are highly undesirable. All should carry typical white Collie markings to a greater or lesser degree. Following markings are favourable – white collar, full or part, white shirt, legs and feet, white tail tip. A blaze may be carried on muzzle or skull, or both. All white or predominantly white is highly undesirable.
Size: Height: dogs: 56-61 cms (22-24 ins) at shoulder; bitches: 51-56 cms (20-22 ins).
Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Note: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
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|last update: 31.03.2017|